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Thursday, January 14, 2016

Migraine Headaches: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

What is a migraine?


When you get headaches in migraine attacks. An attack usually lasts a few hours or days. Most people have between attacks by no headaches.
A migraine attack is because something goes wrong in the nervous system. First constrict blood vessels in the head and then put them out considerably. This vasodilation allows for the headache.

Migraine has two main forms: migraine with aura and migraine without aura. See someone with migraine with aura during the attack flashes of light or black spots before his eyes.
Migraine without aura is the most common.

Migraine is common: about one in ten people suffer from it. The attacks can begin at any age; also children with migraine.

Migraine Headaches: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


Migraine is a form of chronic headache.

What causes a migraine headaches?


Migraine Headaches: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


A migraine attack begins after a kind of short-circuit in the brains. Something goes wrong, causing the blood vessels constrict in the head. Then they put just strong. That causes severe headaches. Migraine is common in certain families. More women than men suffer from migraine.
All sorts of things can trigger a migraine attack:
  1. Strong emotions such as fear, anger, depression, frustration, excitement, fatigue, anger and stress. Migraine also often occurs when people suddenly have no more stress, such as during holidays.
  2. Physical causes, such as bending, bending, lifting heavy objects, lack of sleep, toothache.
  3. The environment, such as weather changes, storms, wind hairdryer, direct sunlight or bright indoor light snow, lack of oxygen, tobacco smoke, air conditioning, pungent odors or noise.
  4. Hormones, such as menstruation, premenstrual syndrome, menopause or birth control pills.
  5. Nutrition. Shortage of food, irregular eating or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
  6. Certain allergies, such as hay fever and allergic reactions to medications.

What are the signs and symptoms of migraine headaches?


The best known symptom of a migraine attack is intense headache. Most people have headaches on one side of their head. In addition, you may suffer from gastrointestinal disorders, often with vomiting. Some people need a lot of urination or have very cold.


Migraine Headaches: Causes, Symptoms And Treatment


There is migraine with and without aura:
  1. In migraine with aura you see for example headache begins flashing lights, spots or you get a smaller field of view. You may feel tingling in the hand, arm or around your mouth. You may also have difficulty speaking. These complaints concern as the headache begins. This is usually within an hour. Some people find this very scary symptoms and get them to panic. It is not necessary. The symptoms disappear naturally.
  2. In migraine without aura you do not have aura symptoms. You can still be nauseous and sensitive to light and sound.
Some people feel a migraine attack. They have "early signs" two hours to two days before the attack. Early signs include extreme tiredness, feeling very cold, many yawning or swollen ankles (because you hold more moisture than normal).
There are some special forms of migraine:
  1. Migraine with aura, but with no headache.
  2. Ophthalmoplegic migraine. Here you can see twice and hit the eye muscles temporarily paralyzed.
  3. Retinal Migraine. Here you get light hallucinations or do you temporarily blurred. The headache you get after, you usually feel in one eye.
Even rarer forms of migraine have basilar artery migraine, facial migraine, migraine with hemiplegia and / or fever and migraine psychica.
People with migraine are more likely to get a depression. It is important that you seek help at this time. The depression because it can cause the migraine becomes chronic. You then have half the days headache.

What is the treatment for migraine - chronic headache?


There are several treatments for chronic headache:

Migraine medications
Do you want to fight your headaches with medications? Try first ordinary painkillers such as paracetamol. This does not help, you can use stronger painkillers, such as ibuprofen. People with migraines may also receive drugs that work in the head in the blood vessels (triptans). People with muscle tension headache can ask their doctor for muscle relaxants.

Medicines for headaches do have drawbacks:
  1. They often cause severe to severe side effects.
  2. Some people work painkillers after a time no more. If you are using painkillers for a long time every day, you can have medication overuse headache.
Posture and relaxation
Many people with chronic headache cramp their neck and shoulder muscles through the pain. This can worsen the headache. There are various therapies to learn to relax:
  1. A physiotherapist massages your muscles and connective tissue.
  2. When Cesar therapy teaches you to improve your posture and move in a different way.
  3. In a relaxation training you learn to consciously relax your muscles. It is usually much attention to proper breathing. For example, you will learn this with yoga or meditation techniques. You can combine the training with behavioral therapy.

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